Phidias (~500 a.C - ~435 a.C.) was an Athenian successful sculptor historically located in ancient Greece, and belonging to the classical period of the Greek arts.

Part of his success, in addition to his verifiable skills as a sculptor, was obtaining the favor from Pericles the politician, a contemporary of his, who was commissioned to build and decorate the Acropolis of Athens. Its main and most outstanding work is the frieze of the Parthenon (the most famous temple of the Acropolis), which narrates and describes what is known as the "procession of the Panathenaic", or young people who made offerings to Athena, goddess of wisdom and protective of the city.

We have received the memory that he had a great workshop, employing many workers who made hundreds of commissions scattered throughout the geography of ancient Greece.